World War II Casualties
The following is a translation of an excerpt from the ETIKA Index 49NS — National Socialism, The Whole Truth, from the section NS-Series: World War II
Letter from Stalingrad: Let the Hell at the Volga be a Warning to you!Be on guard, so that a greater disaster doesn't befall the fatherland. Let the hell at the Volga be a warning to you. I beg of you, don't let this insight be blown into the wind. (This was contained in one of the last seven postal bags that were flown out of Stalingrad in January 1943 and handed over to the Army Postal Service. The addresses of the sender and recipient were removed. It had been intended to use the letters in a documentary book about the battle at the Volga. However Goebbels decided that the letters were "unbearable for the German people." [Dolomiten 31.10.1988])
War VictimsIdiotic Action: The state prosecutor in Regensburg withdrew the charges against two former army majors, who had ordered without a trial on April 27, 1945 the cruel execution of a soldier, the son of the sacristan of Ittling (M.D. Straubing), who was on military home-leave. It was said that no evidence of any mean motivation for the action by the two majors could be established. Their action could only be considered as "shortsighted" in view of the military situation. State Attorney Witzeck declared: "The action by the two men was idiotic, but idiocy is not a valid motivation within the meaning of the law on which one can base an indictment of murder." (Press Release May 5, 1970 dpa)
Military Casualties in World War II, for which the National Socialists are jointly responsibleThe Senate of Bremen published an announcement Oct. 31, 1949, listing the German losses in World War II. The information was based on the monthly tally which was published by the Headquarters of the Armed Forces extending to January 31, 1945. "All information is as reliable as it can be, considering the difficult circumstances of the war. The Armed Forces, including the Weapons-SS, has lost since the beginning of the war:
1,810,061 casualties, comprised of
Army: 1,622,561 Navy: 49,904 Air force 138,596Furthermore, there were 191,388 casualties on account of disease, accidents, suicides and death sentences, altogether: 2,001,399 dead.In addition to these casualties, the Armed Forces had up to January 31, 1945 a total of 1,902,704 members missing in action.Two of my uncles and one of my cousins were in that number. My three brothers survived, one of them slightly injured, the other with permanent arthritis. My youngest brother, after having been in the Armed Forces for four years and having escaped from a POW camp, returned home and turned eighteen shortly after that. — WHSFor the interval from February 1, 1945 to the end of the war it must be assumed that there were at least another 150,000 casualties…If one totals the number of the fallen-in-action, the deceased, as well as the [seriously] wounded, a number is reached that is in the order of eight million members of the Armed Forces. According to that almost one out of every five men in Germany either died or became [seriously] wounded in action during the Second World War.That statistic doesn't include any civilian casualties. —WHS
Military and Civilian Casualties in the World WarsAccording to an article in Der Spiegel (4/1999), the casualties in the two world wars were as follows:
The Casualties of the World Wars (millions)
World War I: about 10 millionBreakdown of the numbers according to
The Two World Wars, Vol I - World War I by Susan Everett; (1980 by Bison Books)
World War II: about 55 millionOf those:
USSR 13.6 7.0 Germany 4.8 0.5 Japan 1.2 0.6 Yugoslavia 0.4 1.3 USA 0.3 0.006 Poland 0.3 4.2 Canada 0.04 0Not only was Canada's war effort in World War II far more extensive than that in World War I, it also had a much more lasting impact on Canadian society. By the end of the war, more than 1,000,000 Canadians (about 50,000 of whom were women [who were employed exclusively in service positions]) had served in the three services. Casualties were lower than in the previous war, with approximately 42,000 killed or having died in service and 54,400 wounded. [Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica]
The more-than 21,000 women who served in the Canadian army during World War II filled an array of roles, although they were excluded from combat duty. More than 2,000 were posted overseas and at least 25 lost their lives in the line of duty.In contrast, more than a million Canadian men served in the Canadian Armed Forces during Word War II, and about 50,000 of them died in the service of their country, one out of every 20 that served, as opposed to the 25 women that died, one out of every 840 women that served, according to the numbers published in the article by the Toronto Star.The on-line edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica contains a Table listing estimated casualties for most countries involved in and affected by the Second World War. The information from that table, augmented by information from a web page by Phil Stokes, is reflected in the following three graphs and the subsequent table.
World War II Casualties — All Countriesbased on http://members.xoom.com/philswwii/home.html and http://search.eb.com.au/bol/topic?tbl_id=1073
Country Military Civilian Total U.S.S.R. 8,668,000 16,900,000 25,568,000 China 1,324,000 10,000,000 11,324,000 Germany 3,250,000 3,810,000 7,060,000 Poland 850,000 6,000,000 6,850,000 Japan 1,506,000 300,000 1,806,000 Yugoslavia 300,000 1,400,000 1,700,000 Rumania 520,000 465,000 985,000 France 340,000 470,000 810,000 Austria 380,000 145,000 525,000 Hungary 200,000 290,000 490,000 Greece 88,300 325,000 413,300 Italy 330,000 80,000 410,000 United Kingdom 326,000 62,000 388,000 USA 292,131 6,000 298,131 Netherlands 14,000 236,000 250,000 Czechoslovakia 10,000 215,000 225,000 Philippines 27,000 91,000 118,000 Belgium 10,000 75,000 85,000 Finland 82,000 2,000 84,000 Canada 37,476 37,476 India 36,000 36,000 Australia 29,000 29,000 Spain 12,000 10,000 22,000 Bulgaria 19,000 2,000 21,000 New Zealand 12,000 12,000 Norway 3,000 7,000 10,000 South Africa 9,000 9,000 U.K. Colonies 6,877 6,877 Denmark 2,000 1,800 3,800 Brazil 943 943 Totals: 18,684,727 40,892,800 59,577,527
Human and material costThere can be no real statistical measurement of the human and material cost of World War II. The money cost to governments involved has been estimated at more than $1,000,000,000,000 but this figure cannot represent the human misery, deprivation, and suffering, the dislocation of peoples and of economic life, or the sheer physical destruction of property that the war involved.
(Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica)
The costs to governments translate to earnings by the members of the armament industry at $16,666.67 per human life lost.The quote from the Encyclopaedia Britannica shown above mentions the impossibility of measuring other losses. However, what should be considered too is that in the reconstruction following the war, enormous profits were made by many of the same companies that brought about the destruction of the property that had to be replaced after the war.War is very profitable for some people, the trusts. Considering that for instance Krupp had provided much funding to finance Hitler's rise to power, the role of the trusts in bringing about war should be examined. Isn't that what business is all about, to satisfy the demand of the market with whatever goods are needed, and to create a market when none exists?Perloff, James — The Shadows of Power (Western Islands, Belmont MA, 1988 ed, eighth printing, 266pp, pb, $10.95, Case of 30 - $200.00)James Perloff exposes the global designs of the Council on Foreign Relations. Passed off as a think-tank, this group is a key “power behind the throne,” with hundreds of top appointed government officials drawn from its ranks. Review and OrderingThe first two paragraphs from the review:Many Americans still scoff at the idea of a conspiratorial interpretation of ongoing events. The Shadows of Power by James Perloff demonstrates that they scoff at their own peril. By sheer weight of evidence, and perhaps more clearly than ever before, this account overwhelms any and all arguments of the disbelievers. Piling fact upon fact, the author moves unerringly to the frightening conclusion that we are being manipulated into a merger with the Soviet bloc and a New World Order.Although not by any means the first exposé of the "invisible government" directed by David Rockefeller's Council on Foreign Relations, this book is an invaluable summary and updating of this vital subject. However, it must not be imagined that this is a giant tome to be waded through. On the contrary, it is a definitive volume of 264 pages, including numerous photographs.